Prime Causes of MALE INFERTILITY:
1. Erectile dysfunction:
Inability to maintain an erection during sexual intercourse.
Caused by stress, anxiety, depression, and underlying health conditions such as diabetes, hypertension, and heart disease
The build-up of fluid around the testicles leads to swelling and discomfort.
cause discomfort and pain during sexual intercourse, leading to infertility issues.
3. Small testosterone
Testosterone is the male sex hormone responsible for sperm production, and
Deficiency in testosterone can lead to low sperm count and poor sperm quality
Making it difficult for men to father children
4. Semen abnormalities such as azoospermia,
a condition where no sperm are found in the semen, and oligospermia,
a condition where the sperm count is low.
veins in the scrotum become enlarged, leading to reduced blood flow to the testicles
Cause low sperm count and poor sperm quality
6. Semen morphology such as,
Teratozoospermia: Sperm have an abnormal shape
Carnitine deficiency: The body is unable to produce enough carnitine, leading to infertility in men
7. Premature ejaculation,
a condition where a man ejaculates too quickly during sexual intercourse
Penile Doppler abnormalities are issues with the blood flow to the penis
8. Retrograde ejaculation
Semen is directed to the bladder instead of being expelled out of the penis during ejaculation
How do Clinicians and Embryologists help?
Based on the diagnosis, clinicians can recommend various treatments such as
assisted reproductive technologies such as in-vitro fertilization (IVF) and intrauterine insemination (IUI).
Embryologists, on the other hand, play a crucial role in the success of assisted reproductive technologies such as IVF and IUI
In recent years, several advanced treatments and procedures have been developed to help men overcome infertility issues.
Intracytoplasmic sperm injection (ICSI): A single sperm is injected directly into the egg to fertilize it. This technique is highly effective for men with severe infertility issues such as azoospermia
Testicular sperm extraction (TESE): Sperm are extracted directly from the testicles of men who have low or no sperm count in their semen.
Additionally, there are several lifestyle changes that men can make to improve their fertility. These include
reducing alcohol consumption
maintaining a healthy weight, and
managing stress levels.
It’s essential to seek support from family, friends, and healthcare professionals to cope with these emotional challenges