Semen Freezingdrpankajtalwar December 7th, 2020
Semen Freezing Process – It is the process of collecting, analyzing, freezing and storing a man’s sperm. The sperm samples stored are later utilized for fertility treatments or given to different couples or people, including same-sex female partners. This general cycle is known as cryopreservation and sometimes is referred to as sperm banking. The cryopreservation cycle includes:
- Routine screening for disease (HIV, hepatitis and fast plasma reagin test for syphilis)
- Giving a semen test or going through a sperm extraction.
- Lab examination of sperm amount and quality
- Freezing of viable sperm
- Storage of the sperm indefinitely
Ideal Candidate for Semen FreezingAny individual who is healthy and has some sperm in their ejaculate is a good candidate for sperm freezing and children can also freeze sperm. Young children who have been diagnosed with cancer and have achieved pubescence are also acceptable candidates for sperm banking. Those freezing for the reasons for sperm donation to sperm banks should be <40 years old, healthy, with good sperm quality, and without family backgrounds concerning for cancer or other genetic diseases.
Semen Freezing ProcessSemen for cryopreservation is acquired by masturbation, and must be brought to the ART (Assisted Reproductive Technology) research facility within 1 hour of ejaculation. Once in the research facility, an examination of the amount and quality of sperm is made and a small test vial is prepared. The remains of the sample are isolated into more different vials. The quantity of vials stored relies upon the total volume of the sample, and the number of mobile sperm in every milliliter. The whole freezing process is finished in around 3 hours. The next day, the test vial is thawed, and an assessment of the number and motility of the thawed sperm is performed. Sperm freezing allows the sperm to be used in future fertility treatments such as:
- Intra uterine insemination (IUI)
- In vitro fertilization (IVF)
Considerations for Sperm FreezingCommon reasons to choose to freeze sperm:
- Advancing age.
- Deteriorating sperm quality or low quantity.
- Cancer or other medical reasons.
- Pre-vasectomy patients.
- Transgender patients.
- Career and lifestyle choices, such as those with high-risk occupations or who spend a lot of time away from their significant other.
Risks Involved in Semen FreezingThere are no risks or adverse effects to semen freezing normally (through masturbation). In case of surgical extraction is required, there are small risks involved, like with any medical procedure, such as, bleeding and discomfort. Sperm freezing has been effectively utilized since 1953 to assist people with conceive healthy children. The cycle is safe, standardized and keeps on improving as technology advances. The essential worry with sperm freezing is that not all sperm survive the freezing and defrosting process. However, as most semen ejaculations contain an appropriate number of sperm, the possibility of having enough healthy sperm for fertility treatment is exceptionally high. The ability of the surviving sperm cells to fertilize an embryo isn’t compromised during the freezing or defrosting process. Cryopreservation is considered to have no time limit, and stored sperm as old as 20 years have been utilized to produce healthy infants.
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