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Male Sexual Dysfunction (MSD) refers to a variety of issues that affect a man’s sexual performance and satisfaction. This training video will discuss about the various aspects of male sexual dysfunction.

Types of Male Sexual Dysfunction

Erectile dysfunction

Refers to the inability to achieve or maintain an erection firm enough for sexual intercourse. It can result from

  • physical
  • psychological
  • a combination of factors
  • may require medical intervention or lifestyle changes for improvement
  • Premature ejaculation

    The condition in which a man ejaculates earlier than desired, often shortly after the initiation of sexual activity or even before penetration. It can be caused by psychological factors, such as

  • anxiety or relationship issues
  • may have an underlying biological cause
  • Retrograde ejaculation

    Occurs when semen flows backward into the bladder instead of being expelled out of the penis during ejaculation. This can be caused by

  • certain medications
  • nerve damage
  • prostate surgery, and may lead to fertility issues
  • Decreased libido or desire

    A reduced interest in sexual activity, which can be influenced by various factors, including

  • hormonal imbalances
  • stress
  • fatigue
  • relationship issues
  • Identifying the underlying cause and addressing it through counseling or medical treatment can help improve sexual desire.

    Causes and Risk Factors

  • Hormonal imbalances: Imbalances in hormones like testosterone, TSH, and PRL can negatively affect sexual function.
  • Androgen deficiency: Low levels of male sex hormones can lead to sexual dysfunction.
  • Obesity and high BMI: Excess weight can contribute to erectile dysfunction and decreased libido.
  • Varicocele: An enlargement of veins within the scrotum can impair sperm production and function.
  • Prostatitis: Inflammation or infection of the prostate gland can cause pain and discomfort during ejaculation.
  • Vascular issues: Poor blood flow due to cardiovascular problems can lead to erectile dysfunction.
  • Diagnostic Tools and Tests

  • Non-invasive ultrasound technique to assess blood flow and vascular issues
  • Hormone tests
  • Testosterone
  • TSH
  • PRL levels
  • Physical examination
  • Assessing the presence of varicocele or other abnormalities
  • Treatment Options

  • Clomiphene: for hormonal imbalances
  • PDE-5 inhibitors: for erectile dysfunction
  • Penile Implants
  • Surgical treatment for erectile dysfunction
  • Lifestyle changes
  • Weight loss and healthy BMI
  • Antioxidants and balanced diet
  • Counseling and therapy
  • Addressing psychological factors affecting desire and performance
  • Anatomical Considerations

    Seminal Vesicle
  • Gland producing seminal fluid
  • Ejaculatory Duct
  • Conveys sperm from the epididymis to the urethra
  • Epididymis
  • Tube that stores and transports sperm
  • Related Female Sexual Dysfunction

  • Involuntary contraction of vaginal muscles, hindering penetration
  • Orgasmic disorder
  • Difficulty achieving orgasm during intercourse
  • Prevention and Maintenance
  • Regular health check-ups
  • Monitoring hormone levels and overall health
  • Maintaining a healthy lifestyle
  • Balanced diet
  • Regular exercise
  • Stress management
  • Open communication with partner
  • Discussing sexual concerns and preferences