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Fallopian tube blockage – Fallopian tubes are female reproductive organs that join the ovaries and the uterus. Consistently during ovulation, which happens generally in the middle of a monthly cycle, the fallopian tubes deliver an egg from an ovary to the uterus.

Conception likewise occurs in the fallopian tube. In the event that an egg is fertilized by sperm, it travels through the tube to the uterus for implantation.

In the event that a fallopian tube is blocked, the entry for sperm to get to the eggs, as well as the way back to the uterus for the fertilized egg is obstructed. Common caused behind blocked fallopian tubes include scar tissue, infections, and pelvic adhesions.

Symptoms of Fallopian Tubes Blockage

Most women with tubal blockage are asymptomatic. Frequently they don’t understand their fallopian tubes are obstructed until they consult a doctor for infertility, however women with broad tubal damage may encounter chronic pelvic pain.

Effect on Fertility

Blocked fallopian tubes are a typical reason for infertility. Sperm and egg meet in the fallopian tube for fertilization. An obstructed tube can keep them from joining.

If both tubes are completely blocked, pregnancy without treatment will not be possible. In the event that the fallopian tubes are partially blocked, you can conceivably get pregnant. However, the risk of an ectopic pregnancy is enhanced in that case.

Causes of Fallopian Tube Blockage

The most widely recognized reason for blocked fallopian tubes is Pelvic inflammatory disease (PID). PID is the result of sexually transmitted disease, although not all pelvic diseases are related to STDs. Additionally, regardless of whether PID is not, a history of PID or pelvic disease expands the risks of blocked tubes.

Other expected reasons for blocked fallopian tubes include:

  • Current or history of an STD infection, specifically Chlamydia or gonorrhea
  • History of uterine infection caused by an abortion or miscarriage
  • History of a ruptured appendix
  • History of abdominal surgery
  • Previous ectopic pregnancy
  • Prior surgery involving the fallopian tubes, including tubal ligation
  • Endometriosis

Diagnosis

There are three key diagnostic tests for blocked fallopian tubes:

  • An X-ray test, known as a hysterosalpingogram or HSG: A trained health professional injects a harmless dye into the womb, which should stream into the fallopian tubes. The stain is noticeable on an X-ray. If the liquid doesn’t flow into the fallopian tubes, it may have a blockage.
  • An ultrasound test known as a sonohysterogram: This is fundamentally the same as the HSG test yet utilizes sound waves to develop an image of the fallopian tubes.
  • A keyhole medical procedure known as a laparoscopy: A surgeon makes a little cut in the body and embeds a small camera to take photos of the fallopian tubes from inside.

Treatment and Surgery

It may be possible to open blocked fallopian tubes surgically. However, this depends on the extent of the scarring and where the blockage is.

Surgery aims to open the fallopian tube using one of the following methods:

  • removing scar tissue
  • making a new opening on the outside of the fallopian tube
  • opening the fallopian tube from the inside

Most surgeons will carry out the procedure using keyhole surgery.