Laparoscopy for infertility is a minimal invasive surgical technique that utilizes a laparoscope (a fiber-optic tube with light and camera) inserted through at least two minor cuts, frequently in the belly button. The specialist can then visually analyze the pelvic reproductive organs and the pelvic cavity.
The technique might be performed under general anesthesia or local anesthetic and generally takes 30 to 45 minutes. The abdomen is inflated with gas (carbon dioxide or nitrous oxide injected with a needle) to move the organs from the stomach wall so they are visible during the technique.
When the abdomen is expanded, the laparoscope is inserted through the small cuts. The specialist sees the interior of the pelvic cavity on a video screen transmitting the pictures from the camera.
The specialist will search for potential causes for infertility. These could be:
Possible reasons your doctor may recommend diagnostic laparoscopy include:
Post your medical procedure; you may get discharged the same day if there are no complications. Your primary care physician will recommend rest for a few days. However, you may take a long time to recover totally. You will be given different medications for a quick recovery, which may include antibiotics and painkillers.
Like any medical procedure, laparoscopy for fertility has expected risks. Just 1-2 percent of patients who go through laparoscopy for diagnosing or treating fertility experience a complication, including sedation related issues. Minor difficulties include disease and skin aggravation at the incision site.
More extreme complications may include: