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What is In Vitro Fertilization?

IVF related Queries – In vitro fertilization (IVF) is a kind of assistive reproductive technology (ART). The process includes taking out eggs from a woman’s ovaries and fertilizing them with sperm. After fertilization, this fertilized egg is called an embryo. The embryo is either transferred to a woman’s uterus or stored for future use.

There are various ways in which the IVF procedure is performed:

  • Your eggs and your partner’s sperm
  • Your eggs and donor sperm
  • Donated embryo
  • Donor eggs and donor sperm
  • Donor eggs and your partner’s sperm

Why is IVF Done

IVF is offered as an essential treatment for infertility in women. IVF can also be performed if you have certain medical issues. For instance, IVF might be a choice if you or your partner has:

  • Endometriosis
  • Ovulation disorders
  • Fallopian tube damage or blockage
  • Previous tubal sterilization or removal
  • Uterine fibroids
  • Impaired sperm production or function
  • Unexplained infertility
  • Genetic disorder

Risks Associated with IVF

  • Multiple births: Chances of multiple births may increase if more than one embryo is transferred to your uterus.
  • Preterm delivery and low birth weight: It has been observed that IVF slightly increases the risk of preterm delivery or delivery of the baby with a low birth weight.
  • Miscarriage: Women who conceive through IVF have shown a higher rate of miscarriage that is about 15% to 25%.
  • Ectopic pregnancy: Approximately 2% to 5% of women who choose IVF will have an ectopic pregnancy.
  • Stress: Women who opt IVF can face financially, physically and emotionally draining.

IVF Success Rate in India

Success rate in India ranges from 30% to 35%. Worldwide, the average IVF success rate is approximately 40% in young women. It has been observed that the chance of success rates also increases in women who are younger than 35 years of age. The success rate of this most commonly used reproductive technology is generally measured on the basis of live birth per embryo transfer. Live birth per embryo transfer is known as Live birth rate.

How to Boost up Your Chances of IVF Success

  • Maintain your weight according to your age
  • Optimize your sperm health
  • Always partner with a good doctor and embryology laboratory
  • Say no to stress
  • Quit smoking
  • Take supplements as per requirement
  • Maintain an optimum levels of vitamin D in your body

Foods to Eat During IVF Treatment

Food Rich in Zinc

Zinc helps to maintain normal hormonal level. Include dairy products, grains, potatoes, and nuts, along with a few meat items in your diet.

Folic Acid Rich Food

Folic acid is essential to keep the embryo healthy and free of any developmental disorders. Peas, spinach, broccoli, kiwi, poultry products, and tofu are good source of folic acid for you.

Avocados

Taking avocados improves ovulation within a woman – it increases the chance of having a successful IVF by 3.5 times.

Protein-Rich Foods

Protein gives you energy and helps in development of body. It is recommended to take at least, 60 g on a daily basis. Seafood, meat, eggs, legumes and nuts are great source pf protein.

Food to Avoid

  • Egg in Raw form
  • Foods Containing Artificial Sweeteners
  • Refined Sugar
  • Alcohol and Caffeine

Common Questions About IVF

How Long Does a Cycle of IVF Take?

It takes between four and six weeks to complete one IVF cycle.

How Many Embryos Will Be Implanted?

Normally, only one embryo is transplanted back into the womb. This process is known as single embryo transfer (eSET). This process is adopted to decrease the chance of multiple births.

How many days after IVF Can I Do a Pregnancy Test?

It is advised to wait for two weeks after IVF before you do a pregnancy test. The reason behind this is it that it takes several days for the fertilized egg to implant into the womb and after that it has to produce enough pregnancy hormone that is hCG (human chorionic gonadotrophin) to be detected by a pregnancy test.

Any Life Style Changes that I need to adapt Before I Have IVF?

You can increase your chances of successful IVF by:

  • Keeping a healthy weight
  • Cutting out alcohol
  • Quit smoking and keeping your caffeine intake very low.
  • Take 400 mcg folic acid supplement every day.
What happens if I become pregnant?

Once it is confirmed that you are pregnant, you’ll see your fertility specialist for continued blood testing, and an ultrasound to confirm that the pregnancy is progressing smoothly. Once the heartbeat of the fetus has been verified, consult with an obstetrician for the rest of your pregnancy. For more details about IVF related queries see our blog section.