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Hysteroscopy Procedure

Hysteroscopy in Infertility – Hysteroscopy is a minimally invasive technique used for the diagnosis and treatment of uterus health conditions. During the technique, the doctor inserts a hysteroscope (a lighted, telescope-like instrument with a camera toward one side) through the vagina to analyze the cervix and uterine cavity. Small instruments can be passed through the hysteroscope to perform biopsies or eliminate irregularities from the uterus that are identified.

A hysteroscopy doesn’t need a cut or incision. An indicative hysteroscopy can take as less as 30 minutes, however in the event that the doctor needs to perform a procedure, for instance eliminating a fibroid, the hysteroscopy may take longer. Diagnostic hysteroscopy can frequently be performed in a medical office, yet more complex procedures are best performed in a clinically equipped facility.

Hysteroscopy Recommendations

Hysteroscopy is valuable in diagnosing and treating conditions that can cause infertility. These conditions may include uterine fibroids, polyps, scarring and birth defects in the structure of the uterus, for example, an uterine septum. Hysteroscopy is likewise used to:

  • Discover the cause of abnormal uterine bleeding
  • Diagnose possible causes of recurrent miscarriage (two or more miscarriages in a row)
  • Remove scarring due to infection or a previous surgery
  • Find and remove an intrauterine device (IUD) that has become misplaced
  • Perform endometrial ablation to destroy the uterine lining
  • Sterilize a woman by placing implants in her fallopian tubes.

Types of Hysteroscopy

Diagnostic Hysteroscopy

Diagnostic hysteroscopy permits the doctor to check the size, shape and lining of a woman’s uterus to diagnose any abnormalities that might be affecting fertility or causing other gynecologic problems.

Operative Hysteroscopy

Operative hysteroscopy might be performed to treat an abnormal condition diagnosed during diagnostic hysteroscopy. Small instruments can be passed through the hysteroscope to treat problems, for example, endometriosis, uterine polyps, and fibroids, or adhesions.

Hysteroscopy Complications

Just like any medical procedure, you could have some complications from a hysteroscopy, including:

  • Problems from the anesthesia
  • Infection
  • Tearing or damage to your cervix, though this is rare
  • Problems with gas or fluid from the uterus
  • Damage to nearby organs like the bladder, bowel, or ovaries
  • Pelvic inflammatory disease

If you experience symptoms like a fever, severe abdominal pain, or heavy bleeding after the procedure, call your doctor immediately or go to the emergency room.