Ultrasound in FibroidsNo comments yet drpankajtalwar June 27th, 2019
- Leiomyomas (fibroids or myomas) are benign smooth muscle tumours with varying amounts of fibrous tissue and are the most common uterine neoplasm, reported in 20% to 30% of women over 30 years of age.
- These are usually multiple, causing enlargement of the uterus with a lobular serosal contour and may present with
- Palpable pelvic mass,
- Uterine enlargement,
- Pelvic pain,
- Anaemia, and
- Dysfunctional uterine bleeding depending upon their location and size.
- Types of fibroids depending on the location are:
- Intracavitary- fibroid located inside the uterine cavity.
- Submucosal- fibroid located just beneath the endometrium.
- Intramural- fibroid located in the uterine wall.
- Subserosal– fibroid located on the outer surface of the uterus.
- Pedunculated- fibroid attached to the uterus with a pedicle.
- Approximately 5-10% of infertile women have fibroids. Their size and location determines whether fibroids affect fertility like sub mucosal or very large fibroids within the uterine wall.
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