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Fibroids are noncancerous developments of the uterus that frequently show up during childbearing years. Additionally called leiomyomas or myomas, uterine fibroids aren’t related with an expanded danger of uterine disease and never form into malignant growth.

Fibroids range in size from seedlings, imperceptible by the natural eye, to cumbersome masses that can contort and grow the uterus. You can have a solitary fibroid or various ones. In outrageous cases, numerous fibroids can grow the uterus so much that it arrives at the rib confine and can add weight.

Fibroid Symptoms

Numerous women are ignorant they have fibroids since they don’t have any symptoms.

Women who do have symptoms (around 1 of every 3) may insight:

  • Heavy periods or difficult periods
  • Stomach pain
  • Lower back pain
  • A regular need to urinate
  • Constipation
  • Pain or uneasiness during intercourse
  • In uncommon cases, further inconveniences brought about by fibroids can influence pregnancy or cause infertility.

Finding of Fibroids

There are a few tests that make possible to confirm fibroids and decide their size and area. These tests can include:

  • Ultrasonography: This non-invasive imaging test makes an image of your inward organs with sound waves. Contingent upon the size of the uterus, the ultrasound might be performed by the transvaginal or trans-abdominal route.
  • Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI): This test makes point by point pictures of your interior organs by utilizing magnets and radio waves.
  • Computed tomography (CT): A CT check utilizes X-beam pictures to a detailed images of your internal organs from various angles.
  • Hysteroscopy: During a hysteroscopy, your provider will use a device called a scope (a thin, flexible tube with a camera on the end) to look at fibroids inside your uterus. The scope is passed through your vagina and cervix and then moved into your uterus.
  • Hysterosalpingography (HSG): This a detailed X-ray where a contrast material is injected first and then X-rays of the uterus are taken. This is more often used in women who are also undergoing infertility evaluation.
  • Sonohysterography: In this imaging test, a small catheter is placed transvaginally and saline is injected via the catheter into the uterine cavity. This extra fluid helps to create a clearer image of your uterus than you would see during a standard ultrasound

Fibroid Treatment Options

Specialists may build up a treatment plan depends on your age, the size of your fibroids, and your general health.

Home remedies and natural treatments

Certain home remedies and natural treatments can positively affect fibroids, including:

  • Acupuncture
  • Yoga
  • Massage
  • Applying heat for cramps (keep away from heat in the event that you experience heavy bleeding)

Dietary changes can help also. Stay away from meats and fatty nourishments. All things considered, decide on nourishments high in flavonoids, green vegetables, green tea, and cold-water fish, for example, fish or salmon.

Dealing with your feelings of anxiety and losing weight in case you’re overweight can likewise profit women with fibroids.

Drugs

Drugs to control your hormone levels might be prescribed to shrink fibroids.

Gonadotropin-delivering hormone (GnRH) agonists, for example, leuprolide, will cause your estrogen and progesterone levels to drop. This will ultimately stop period and shrink fibroids.

GnRH antagonists additionally help to shrink fibroids. They work by preventing your body from delivering follicle-stimulating hormone (FSH) and luteinizing hormone (LH). Examples include:

  • Ganirelix acetate, an injectable medication
  • Cetrorelix acetate, an injectable medication
  • Elagolix, which is available in the oral medication elagolix/estradiol/norethindrone acetate.